China & Chinese gardens are " miniature landscapes. "
In themselves, they are; and within them, they are, also........
- artificial mountains, within their walls.
- rock plantings, in garden courtyards.
- framed & leak windows, diminishing views of gardens & courtyards.
- Sudan [ stump ] or tree penjing, displayed in gardens & courtyards.
- Shadan [ rock ] or other landscape penjing, displayed in courtyards.
- Shadan [ rock ] penjing, displayed inside garden pavilions.
distant landscape scale
- landscape paintings, displayed inside garden pavilions.
yet, another diminishing perspective